Home Renovation. from project to final design
You can often hear that repairment is easy to start, but hard to finish. The statement is true when the owners do not have a clear goal and a detailed plan of action regarding the transformation of the home. Therefore, it is important to have a clear idea of what should result in the end. Starting home repairs, you need to carefully think through all the steps and purposefully follow in the direction of implementation of the plan. How to do this, tells this article.
How to start home renovation: setting strategic goals
For repairs, as well as for any type of activity, you need to be determined decisively and seriously from the very beginning, and you should also clearly know what should happen at the finish stage. It is best to visualize your dream by selecting the appropriate sketches or by studying photos of beautiful repairs.
In order not to lose draft and capital calculations and records, it is necessary to prepare a special folder and notebook for records. Helpers in the preparatory phase will also be a pen, pencil and calculator. These items should always be nearby – until the work is completed. In a notebook, you can write down or depict ideas that have come to mind at any time and fix the calculations. The folder will serve as a reliable place to store receipts, receipts, drawings, projects.
It is required to immediately determine the direction and type of repair. If you plan to ennoble the new building, then you need to take care of the rough finish of all rooms; if the house is residential, then you can break the repair into stages. For example, first complete the facade, focus on interior work, or confine yourself to the improvement of individual floors or even one room. If the repair will be carried out in stages, it is better for yourself to draw up a strategy in advance and tune in to a certain date for the completion of the repair work.
Determination of the type of repair of a private house: capital or cosmetic
It is important to determine the type of repair itself, based on which the entire subsequent planning process will be selected. He might be:
Overhaul involves certain changes in the design and even the layout of the premises. Such a process may include dismantling walls and flooring, installing new windows, installing doors, and completely replacing communications. With serious interference with the approved project of the house, it may be necessary to contact special permitting authorities. It is unlikely that they can do without the help of specialists, even if only partially, in the process of overhaul.
Advice! On a personal computer and in a smartphone, it is advisable to create special folders called “Repair”, where Internet ideas, examples of projects, sketches sent from the architect and designer, and DIY repair photos before and after the completion of a certain stage of work will be stored.
Cosmetic repairs are notable for their simplicity. It is realistic to implement what was planned on our own, since the implementation of ideas requires less effort, building skills and budgetary investments. Experts recommend conducting such work every five to six years.
House renovation is a special category of repair work in the room, as it requires the preparation of a special design project. The home is actually subject to complete redevelopment in accordance with European standards. At the same time, the latest technological equipment and high-quality materials that comply with European standards are used.
Choosing a home design: Designing a project
A variety of materials, the availability of various modern technologies make it possible to implement unexpected and even fantastic ideas in home decoration. Interior design can be the most unpredictable, which will definitely surprise guests. However, the most important thing is that the design of the premises is in line with the taste of its owners, because the house is an island of comfort and tranquility, it is here that the family spends the greatest amount of time. When designing interior design, some may choose a style such as simple Art Nouveau or uncomplicated high-tech, while others like a delicate country or a majestic classic.
It is acceptable to mix styles or arrange in different stylistic directions of individual areas of the room. For example, the design in a private house of a large kitchen combined with a living room can be made in the antique style, and at the same time, a classic will dominate the bedroom door. Thus, each room can be individual. It is important to determine the interior design before drawing up the project, since the choice of material will depend on this.
The total cost of work depends on the type, quality and quantity of materials needed. On this basis, an estimate of repair is formed. It also includes the entire list of costs for services and the cost of repairs, indicating the exact timing of their implementation. Thus, two documents are a guide to action: a design project and an estimate.
In order for the final design in the house to be in accordance with the plan, competent preparation of project documentation is necessary, which will be clear to both the customer and the builders. That is why it is better to entrust the design of the project to experienced professionals. Choose them will help recommendations of friends, as well as specialized sites.
Selection of a construction company and specialists for home repairs
There are three options for organizing work. You can make repairs in the house with your own hands, entrust the most critical areas to specialists or completely trust the professionals, giving them the opportunity to carry out the full amount of work, as they say, “turnkey”.
Advice! The warranty for repairs should be issued by construction companies for at least a year. It is during this period that all possible defects will be known about themselves. The contractor must eliminate them free of charge.
Independent repairment can significantly save material resources, because the services of builders cost a lot. At the same time, the risk in terms of quality increases significantly, and the time for repairs is significantly increased. For the organization of work requires certain building skills and knowledge. If they are not there, then it is better not to risk it, since we are talking about our own home. Carrying out cheap cosmetic repairs with your own hands is quite acceptable.
If large volumes of work are expected that require the involvement of a separate category of specialists or expensive equipment (for example, replacing windows), it is better to seek help from professionals. They will be able to predict the nuances that are not always noticeable, and make repairs in a private house as soon as possible.
If the scope of work is significant, it is better to entrust the repair of one company that has proven itself in the construction market, which will be able to qualitatively perform the entire range of work. Attracting several firms is usually more expensive, and if defects are found it will be difficult to determine who exactly is to blame.
The main conditions in the process of involving specialists are the execution of the contract and the availability of a document confirming the annual guarantee for all types of work performed.
Stages of designing and carrying out repairs in a private house: photo of project options
Designing a project is a responsible job, so the services of professionals are worth a lot. If you have experience, knowledge and a desire to do it yourself, then you must follow this plan:
- Create a sketch of the layout. To do this, schematically depict all the walls with a specific numbering each, and it is also necessary to draw a plan for the development of the walls.
- In the drawing, it is important to show the location of windows, doors, the intended situation, including furniture and household appliances. It is necessary to clearly determine the location of sockets, switches, lighting devices.
- Calculation of the number of building materials and the price of home repairs. When calculating, it is important to consider the consumption of all materials with a margin, the final calculation will be carried out by builders. If the numbers will differ significantly, you need to ask them to argue their calculations.
- Drafting a contract in which the exact terms for the phased completion of work, prices and types of payment will be determined, methods of removal of construction waste and delivery of building materials are indicated.
- Monitoring the stages of repair. It is necessary to check the quality of the implementation of each type of work in the process of repairing a house (photos are also desirable). For example, when communicating water pipes, you need to make sure that they are tight, otherwise it will be more difficult to identify defects after the commissioning of the object.
It is important to determine the time of the repair. It is best to produce it in the warm season. It should be borne in mind that during this period, not only demand increases, but also the price of materials and services of specialists. Therefore, these issues are best resolved in advance.
Advice! The payment method must be discussed in advance. It is recommended to choose a phased option. This method will ease the financial burden and allow to incur less costs in case of termination of the contract due to poor quality of work.
Calculation of the cost of work and budgeting for the repair of private houses
One of the conditions for successful budgeting is familiarization with prices in the construction market. For this, it is important not only to go shopping, but also to study the prices on the Internet. An optimal solution can be reached by studying the price ratio and choosing the most suitable option when making a wholesale purchase.
It is quite difficult to make an estimate on your own, since without certain experience it is almost impossible to calculate the exact amount of necessary materials. As examples, you can use samples of ready estimates for home repairs. Photos and calculations can be found on the Internet.
You can also make the correct calculations using special online calculators. The following items must be present in the estimate:
- the cost of materials for rough works, which includes bulk mixtures, fillers, primers;
- the price of finishing materials, which include paintwork, wallpaper, flooring;
- expenses for consumables (trifles without which repair is impossible): masking tape, construction adhesive tape, glue, mesh for grinding;
- remuneration of wage workers.
Before you make a home repair, you should take care of the availability of construction tools and the necessary replacement parts for them. It is important to consider the contingency reserve. For this, approximately another 20% must be added to the existing sum of all costs. The stock of funds will help to quickly eliminate the problems associated with the change of the project or the rise in price of materials.
Room repair sequence: milestones
There is a certain procedure for the repair of rooms. Photos of phased actions clearly demonstrate the effectiveness of this approach. It is recommended to adhere to the following sequence of work:
- Obtaining permits in case of redevelopment of the premises. Before making a cheap repair, such actions are not necessary.
- Dismantling of walls, openings and partitions. Construction waste removal.
- Installation of new interior partitions (if necessary).
- Window replacement.
- Installation of communications, which is better to start with wiring, then, if necessary, lay underfloor heating, and then proceed to the organization of sewage and water supply. It is also necessary to consider the laying of a television and Internet cable, grounding for powerful appliances.
- Fill the floor. It should be borne in mind that it will take at least a month to dry.
- The decoration of the room. This is the most pleasant stage of repair in the house. Photos clearly demonstrate how, after plastering, painting and wallpapering, the room becomes beautiful and elegant.
Options for decorating in rooms: photo examples
Finishing work is carried out according to different scenarios. For example, you can first plaster the walls and ceiling, and clean them. Then you will need to paint the ceiling, glue the wallpaper, lay the floor covering and attach the baseboard.
Advice! It is better to purchase repair materials all at once, which will help to save on delivery. In addition, most sellers make decent discounts for wholesale buyers. In this case, a special place and appropriate conditions for the storage of materials should be provided.
If it is supposed to install a stretch ceiling in the room, then this is done first of all, then the ceiling plinth is fixed and only after that they glue the wallpaper and perform the remaining types of work.
Installation of doors can be done both before wallpapering, and after that. But in any case, the installation of the box must be performed before plastering the walls. Otherwise, it will be much more difficult to make the joints between the door frame and the wall invisible, as traces of uneven plaster will clearly stand out.
If the idea of repairing the hall involves laying piece parquet, then it is done before wallpapering, since during the grinding of floor material, the wall covering can be damaged. Thus, first lay the parquet, grind it and varnish in two layers. Only after that they perform the ceiling painting and wallpapering. Lastly, they install the sills, install skirting boards, fix the lighting devices, switches and sockets. By the way, this responsible work can be entrusted to an experienced master by ordering services using the Varpet application (you can download it here).
Repair of wooden houses: features and nuances
A special category among houses is occupied by wooden structures. The process of their restoration and repair has characteristic features. If you study in detail some patterns and rules, then almost the entire range of work can be done independently.
The reconstruction itself includes the following types of work:
- replacement of crowns at home;
- elimination of cracks in the logs;
- roof repair;
- restoration of the floor;
- foundation strengthening.
First of all, repair in a village house made of wood involves the replacement of base crowns. If this is not done, then under the weight of whole logs, rotten parts will crumble, as a result of which the house simply skews. To make a replacement, you need to purchase new high-quality logs of the appropriate size.
With the help of special devices, the house is raised above the foundation, the old logs are dismantled, and new ones are installed instead. After this, it is important to replace the waterproofing on top of the foundation and lower the structure into place.
To remove horizontal longitudinal cracks in the logs, which can be an excellent place for the reproduction of insects and mushrooms, two options can be taken:
- to create a covering from boards or panels that will block the access of moisture and microorganisms;
- thoroughly clean the damaged log, treat cracks with special antibacterial agents and carefully coat with sealant.
The ideal result in the repair of a house in the village can be obtained by combining both options.
Advice! When choosing a company that will repair, you need to pay attention to its term of work in the construction market, check licenses for certain works and make sure that there is a document for warranty obligations.
Restoration of an old wooden house: repair of the roof, floors and walls
In an old house made of logs, it is necessary to replace not only the lower crowns, but also sections of logs that have rotted due to moisture from window drains. Rot can eventually spread to the entire wooden part of the structure, which will ultimately lead to the complete destruction of the house. Compared to replacing crowns, this amount of work will be an order of magnitude less. Part of the log, which succumbed to damage, must be carefully cut, and in its place set an identical piece of wood. The fixation of the old and new parts is carried out using wooden ridges.
Changing a solid bar, it is necessary to carefully and with particular accuracy select parts that should be the same not only in size but also in the structure of the wood. Otherwise, cracks may form between the rows of bars, which will ultimately lead to complete deformation of the entire structure.
Repair in an old house from glued beams is less troublesome, as a special impregnation protects the wood from external negative influences. In addition, the walls of such houses do not crack and do not lend themselves to deformation.
Roof repairs on wooden houses are carried out by analogy with houses made of other materials. Here the main role is played not by the material of the building, but by the type of roof. During the replacement of the roof, you need to pay attention to the condition of the waterproofing and insulation, since they most likely will also need to be replaced.
Floor repair is most often done by completely replacing the existing coating, and damaged wooden logs are replaced under it. The service life will be prolonged by careful drying of the space under the floor before laying the final floor, and the treatment of wooden structures with special means is desirable.
European-quality repair in the house: features and subtleties of performance
The name “European-quality repair” appeared quite recently in everyday life, but this process quickly gained popularity. This concept is not directly related to Europe – it simply indicates a high quality of work and virtually complete renewal. This type of repair in terms of scope of work is almost equal to capital, since it assumes, in addition to finishing ceilings, walls and floors, a complete replacement of windows, doors, heating systems, water and sewer networks. To realize everything conceived in the shortest possible time is now quite realistic thanks to a large selection of various building materials.
European-quality repair is an elite repair in a private house or apartment. Therefore, the latest technologies are used for its implementation, and materials are used of exceptionally high quality. The creation of the interior of the house and the implementation of design ideas are exclusively highly qualified specialists who strictly follow the technology and comply with international standards.
Advice! If you own a special program and have design skills, you can create a design project yourself, but if in doubt, it is better to entrust this work to professionals.
It would seem that the European-style repair is practically no different from the capital, but there are still differences. This is evidenced by the sequence of work still at the preparatory stage, which includes such stages:
- Drawing up a design project. The work is performed by an experienced designer, taking into account the taste and style preferences of the owners.
- Based on the design sketches, they make drawings of communications: water and sewer pipes, heating systems, electricians.
- Drawing up a redevelopment plan. Most often, this is the dismantling of the walls to create shared bathrooms or to combine the kitchen and dining area.
- The acquisition of materials depends on the chosen style and tastes.
European-quality repair in a private house: work procedure
As a rule, renovation involves redevelopment in the house, which includes such actions: dismantling partitions, installing additional walls, replacing windows and doors. The project may include combining two or more rooms, changing the shape of the premises. The ceilings in the European rooms are mostly multi-level; figured arches are mounted at the entrances. Doorways themselves become much wider.
The toilet and bathroom are completely transformed, where they make a complete replacement of communications. In water supply and sewage systems they use exclusively the latest technologies. Old metal and cast-iron pipes are exchanged for PVC pipes or plastic products. The heating system is also subject to complete replacement. As a rule, individual heat supply is used based on the economical consumption of gas or electricity. It is popular to install underfloor heating in office rooms, such as an entrance hall, bathroom, and toilet. All communications hide in the walls.
Eurorepair involves a complete replacement of wiring, windows and doors. At the same time, metal-plastic constructions most often serve as an alternative to old wooden frames. Walls, ceilings and floors become perfectly flat after the European-quality repair (photos clearly demonstrate this).
To align the walls and ceilings, drywall or plaster mortars are used. Drywall finishing involves the installation of guides in order to conceal a certain amount of space. If every centimeter is valuable, then plaster is used for adjustment. Floors are leveled with a screed or by using bulk floor technology.
Conditions for successful repair in individual rooms of a private house: photo of the stages of work
The general rules for carrying out various types of work were discussed above. At the same time, the specifics of individual rooms require a special approach with regard to repairs. For example, the repair of a kitchen needs to be thought out more carefully and precisely planned, since this room is operated much more than the others and involves the installation of a large number of various equipment. Therefore, the wiring should be replaced first of all, you also need to take care of installing additional outlets.
Advice! Before starting work, you need to determine the temporary residence of family members, since it is better to work in an empty room. If this is not possible, then it is necessary to plan the work alternately in the rooms, starting the repair from the bathroom and kitchen.
Ventilation also requires special attention. The working wall is responsible for the cleanliness and aesthetic appearance of the room, therefore, the choice of tiles or other facing material should be treated responsibly. The apron must match the color and texture of the wallpaper, plaster or paint on the walls. The best flooring options in this room are linoleum and tile. The final stage is the installation of the skirting board and the installation of furniture. Photos of the kitchen after repair and before it show significant differences.
Repairing a bathroom involves a significant amount of work, since a large number of communications are located here, and their installation requires tightness and rational placement. In addition to replacing pipes, it is necessary to provide for a safe location of sockets and the installation of a high-quality hood, and you should also take care of additional waterproofing. Plumbing is installed last.
Repair of rooms in a private house: cozy corridors and bedrooms
There are no special requirements for the repair of living rooms. A variety of ideas for a private home can be found on the Internet. In any case, the repair of a bedroom or a nursery begins with the removal of furniture and the elimination of old wall and floor coverings. The next step is to install the door frame. If the family has the opportunity to settle down somewhere during the repair, then work in the rooms can be done in parallel. The main rule in the decoration of living rooms – it should be performed in a downward direction. That is, the ceiling is first repaired, then the wallpaper is glued or the walls are painted, and only then is the flooring laid.
If floor leveling is required, then it is produced at the initial stage. Installation of equipment, furniture and decorative elements is carried out at the final stage. The design of the bedroom in a private house needs to be given special attention, since it is here that the owners relax and spend a lot of time.
The corridor is being repaired last. By this time, the remains of materials usually accumulate in the room, which complicates the work. Therefore, you need to start, no matter how trite it sounds, with cleaning, leaving only what is needed in the repair process. The sequence of work is the same as during the repair in the rooms. Photos showing the various stages can serve as a visual instruction.
Beautiful renovations of living rooms: examples of styling
The hall or living room is considered the hallmark of any house or apartment. The order of the work is carried out in the same way as in other living rooms, but you can arrange this zone in a variety of styles, based on taste preferences and financial capabilities. Experts advise in the design to give preference to environmentally friendly materials. In addition, furniture and building materials that are safe for health have a very attractive appearance.
Advice! It is necessary at the planning stage to decide on the decoration of the walls. For example, walls intended for painting require more thorough putty and finer sanding than the walls on which the wallpaper is to be glued.
In the arrangement of the living room, you can implement different ideas. For example, if you install wooden beams on the ceiling, visual zoning of the room will occur. Some ideas for repairing the hall in a private house include the installation of a real fireplace on wood, which creates a special cosiness in the interior. Wall decoration with natural stone will give the room a majestic look.
A wooden shelf above the fireplace is perfectly combined with stone masonry, and a light parquet covered with fluffy carpets is an ideal option for a hall in a country house. Photos of various interior options demonstrate harmony and comfort.
You can create an original design of the hall of a private house using beams made of different types of wood. Accent will help to make colorful exclusive accessories. The interior is decorated in any style with family photos, porcelain figurines and antiques. It is necessary to use the beautiful landscape with maximum benefit – it is always a win-win idea for a country house. In this case, you can even do without curtains.
The choice of hall design in a private house: photos of rooms in different styles
In the design of the living room, different styles and directions are used, while for private houses the most often chosen:
- Scandinavian style.
The popularity of Art Nouveau determines its practicality, which is expressed in multifunctional furniture. Tables and folding sofas easily take the necessary form and can serve in different situations. The color scheme in this style should be natural. White, gray, beige or brown tones look good. At the same time, the walls are also decorated in light calm shades. A distinctive feature of modernity is the lack of decor.
Classic style is always relevant. It is expressed in expensive wooden furniture, paintings in luxurious frames and natural carpets. The complete opposite of the classic is minimalism, where there are no superfluous elements, and the emphasis is on simplicity and airiness. Bright accessories in the form of abstract paintings and vases are acceptable. Furniture in this style is selected with an unusual shape and color.
Recently popular and beautiful private house in the Scandinavian style, suggesting the simplicity and harmony of various elements. The living room, designed in this genre, should be spacious and bright with a minimum of bright moments. The windows in such a room, as a rule, extend to the entire wall – from floor to ceiling.
It is permissible to combine stylistic trends. For example, modern appliances can harmoniously fit into a room with classic-style furniture. The main thing is that the individual components of the environment are combined with each other. Curtains should match the colors of upholstered furniture and carpets.
Advice! All items that make up the interior should be in harmony with each other in style and color.
External design and repair of private houses: photos of beautiful facades
Speaking of repairs in a private house, it is necessary to mention the facade, because this is a kind of visiting card of the house. In appearance of the dwelling, an opinion is also formed about its owners. Therefore, if there is an internal renovation of the house, it is necessary to take care of its appearance. Photos of beautiful private houses indicate that they use a lot of modern technologies and a variety of materials to decorate the facades, both natural and synthetic.
The most popular type of decoration is currently considered decorative plaster. With its help, you can update any facade. The universality of such a coating lies in the fact that it can be used to produce wall cladding after insulation, choosing any color. If your preferences change over time, you can simply repaint the walls or choose a different type of decorative plaster.
The budget option for the design of the facade is siding or wood paneling. The facade with wooden cladding will look simple, but at the same time neat, emphasizing the modernity and style of the building. Pictures of private houses with tiling or stone siding show a very attractive and original look.
Cladding with brick or clinker tiles is a relatively expensive option for finishing private houses. At the same time, the color variety of clinker tiles will make any building beautiful. In the cladding of houses, as in the style design, a combination of materials is permissible. The main condition is harmony.
House renovations: useful tips and general recommendations
Professionals and amateurs involved in the repair of houses have put together a number of useful recommendations that will help to avoid a number of mistakes in the repair process:
- You should not buy cheap materials, especially if they are supposed to be used for a long time or if parts are to be mounted on walls. This applies to pipes, batteries, wiring.
- No need to take on a job about which there is not the slightest idea. It is better to entrust this stage of repair to specialists.
- It is impractical to ignore such types of work as primer or installation of sickle netting in the installation of drywall.
- In the kitchen and bathroom, ventilation must be provided.
- It is advisable to draw up a wiring arrangement plan after you have made repairs in the house.
- When laying the tiles, it is necessary to leave islands for access to the sewer and water pipes.
- Laying tiles with a smooth surface on the floor can be hazardous.
- Household linoleum is very short-lived. It is suitable only for carpeting.
- Walls lined with drywall may not be able to support a lot of weight, so heavy objects should not be hung on such walls. It is recommended to install aerated concrete partitions.
- Finishing material is best purchased shortly before work, when the final choice is made, and suppliers have the right amount of goods.
- If you need tinting, you need to make a couple of liters of stock, otherwise it will be practically impossible to guess the tone again.
Advice! When installing windows and until the repair is completed, do not remove the protective film from them. It will protect the glass from scratches, dust and dirt.
If a decision is made to entrust repair work to a construction company, then in order to achieve a high-quality result, several rules must be followed:
- draw up a contract for the provision of construction services;
- carry out quality control at every stage;
- builders should have a full arsenal of quality tools;
- do not advance work in large amounts;
- It is advisable to make large purchases of materials together with the head of the construction team;
- make a full calculation only after the final completion of a specific scope of work;
- get acquainted with the site of a construction company, which should contain the maximum information about the profile of the company’s activity and services;
- multidisciplinary employees should be alerted, since each specialist must perform a narrow range of work;
- it is necessary to study feedback about the company and employees, it will not be superfluous to make inquiries;
- you need to personally visit the office of the company and talk with the team that will have to do the work;
- it is required to discuss the exact cost of each stage of work and agree on the estimate, deadlines and schedule of financial calculations before starting repairs.
All the inconveniences that arise during the repair process in the modern world can be overcome with the help of the latest technologies and mobile applications. One of such platforms is the Varpet application, which downloading here, you can easily alleviate all problems simply by trusting a specialist with all the necessary work.
Thus, having considered the main stages of the repair, we can conclude that each of them is important and requires a responsible approach. You can get a high-quality result only subject to the above rules. But in the end, an excellent result is guaranteed, and the renovated house will serve for a long time.